8 Printing Terms Every Designer Must Learn

 colorimeterDo printing terms leave you scratching your head?  Spectrometer, pigment, pantone, hickies…it can get confused quickly.  Here are 10 Printing terms we here at InkOnDaPaper feel every designer SHOULD learn.

1. DPI

DPI stands for dots per inch. A higher DPI is better.

DPI values don’t compare across technologies. Inkjets typically print at around 700dpi for basic proofing, 1440dpi for typical output and 2560dpi for very high quality. Higher DPI values are slightly smoother, but take longer to print and use more ink.

2. Dye sublimation

‘Dye-sub’ is an alternative printer technology used for fabric printing and other specialised applications. Some inkjet models, especially those by Epson, can be used with dye-sub inks. Prints can be made directly onto fabric or transfer paper, and then fixed into the fabric with a heat press.

3. Large format

Also known as ‘wide format’, these are big industrial printers. Smaller units print up to A2 on sheets or rolls; the largest models print on rolls up to 64 inches wide. Prices range from around £2,000 to more than £20,000. They typically use the same technology as desktop printers, but are bigger and should be more reliable.

4. Pantone

 Pantone coverageThe Pantone Color Matching System a standardized color reproduction system used throughout the design industry

This is a measure of how accurately a printer can reproduce the standard Pantone swatch colours. Modern printers can output 98 per cent of the Pantone range. This is good enough for accurate proofing, but this range also depends on the paper used.

5. RIP

Raster Image Processor – a software accessory that works as an enhanced printer driver, producing the highest possible quality output for text, bitmap graphics and vector art. An RIP isn’t essential, but it’s a useful add-on for large format work.

6. Finish

The feel and texture of any paper. Laid finish is machine-made paper that emulates handmade; embossed finish presses a pattern into the surface of the paper; matte papers have a dull surface well-suited to text – the list goes on

7. Saddle stitching

The process of folding sheets in half, with staples or stitching in the middle. The page count must be divisible by four.

8. Perfect binding

Sounds a lot more glamorous than it is: a paper block is glued into a wrap-around cover, just like in a regular paperback book. PUR binding is a variant on this that uses extra-strength, temperature-resistant glue.

~Source: Creative Bloq

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